Lassiter (1987) found that the family was a major source of support for African Americans as opposed to friends or religion in times of stress. The differences in the perception of death by individuals and groups runs on different understanding of life itself such as life being seen from the religious perspective, cultural perspective as well as scientific perspective. The birth, enlightenment, and death of Buddha are the three most commonly recognized festivals for feasting, resting from work, or fasting. The influence of oral traditions on modern writers. Although life is inevitably subject to termination and demise, there are still differences in the way individuals and groups perceive the end of it [1]. Source: www.purdue.edu. Living Faiths in South Africa. As in other parts of Africa, Islam and Christianity have been combined with indigenous religions to form various syncretic religious trends. Elements of the Traditional Religions. A person must be born in a particular African people in order to be able to follow African Religion. Even today, African American families are significantly impacted by two centuries of slavery. People believe that herbal remedies and potions made of various animal parts and plants can cure HIV and other presiding ailments. The coexistence of Islam and African traditional religion has cultural and linguistic implications as well. These conditions can influence the health and well being of you and your community. In African thoughts, all living things including man are linked in harmonious relationship … Religion is often depicted as a trigger factor in many conflicts. Kiernan, Jim ‘ The impact of white settlement on African traditional religions’ in Prozesky, Martin and De Gruchy, John . Traditional African religion and culture is passed on from parents to children through stories. In a community in which most women are circumcised, family and Although no two religions hold exactly the same ideology about diet, health, and spiritual wellness , many do embrace similar practices. African Traditional Religion; Environmental conservation anchored in African cultural heritage by Bakanja Mkenda ; Ecological Implications of Water Spirit Beliefs in Southern Africa: The Need to Protect Knowledge, Nature, and Resource Rights. The main analytical problem involving an understanding of the relation between religion and politics in Africa is the region's astonishing multifariousness of religious beliefs, ethnic divisions, cultural distinctions, and political modes. 3. The people from Europe, America, and Asia cannot be converted to African Religion as it is more removed from their geographical and cultural setting. Most do not eat meat and abstain from all beef products. Whereas in Africa these religions are ordinarily referred to as "African Traditional Religions"; in Asia they are called 'Tribal Religions and Folk Religions', in America 'Native Religions and Afro-American Religions', and in Oceania 'Indigenous Religions'. Social determinants of health are the conditions that we live, learn, work, and play in.  Christianity: The impact of Christianity has to be considered, for this has been the most important single factor in the process of Westernization in Africa. These factors affect your ability to take part in healthy behaviors, and this affects your health.Here are some exam… When Ludwig got to Dynamic and creative exchanges among different religions, including indigenous traditions, Protestant and Catholic Christianity, and Islam, all with developing theologies and institutions, fostered substantial collective religious and cultural identities within African American communities in the United States. Oral literature encompasses fables, folktales, legends myths and proverbs. About one-eighth of the population is Muslim. While religion, socio-psychological and economic factors play roles in explaining individuals and groups’ perception about finitude, age differentiation also affect the interpretation people give to human demise. Berkley: University of California Press. Before the arrival of Christianity, Islam and the other foreign religions, people were afraid to take other people's wives. stagnation and often decline of traditional cultural pursuits in the colonies. These religions believe in super natural powers, fetishes, and cults. The concern of all maternal health stakeholders is to improve maternal health and reduce maternal deaths to the barest minimum. Transplantation is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure. In traditional African societies, for example, because of the respect shown to elders, it is difficult for young women to reject advances by older men. 3 And similar to this was the dialogue that took place between Edwin Smith, who had gone out as a missionary to Africa, and Emil Ludwig, an eminent biographer. traditional Africa was the oral literature. 3 Leo Frobenius, The Voice of Africa, Vol. It is common knowledge that the African continent has been hit hardest by the HIV and AIDS epidemic. In the film, people were being baptized at a local beach on the coast. The African continent experienced its own form of training and learning before it was colonized and even before the arrival of the missionaries. Other patients prefer African Indigenous Religions to traditional Western ones. African Americans are more likely to rely on the family network, both nuclear and extended, than on outside traditional health and human service community agencies (McAdoo, 1977). Especially in Africa, religion has been at the heart of much of the contemporary conflicts. Themes in the literary traditions of contemporary Africa are worked out frequently within the strictures laid down by the imported religions Christianity and Islam and within the struggle between traditional and modern, between rural and newly urban, between genders, and between generations. With their traditional healthcare system passed over many generations, African Americans still believed in the power of other another person to heal. The African traditional 2 E. B. Idowu, African Traditional Religion, S.C.M., 1973, p.87. Islamic influence is, in fact, revealed both at the explicit and suggestive levels in languages as different as the Berber dialects, Hausa, Swahili, and Somali to name just a few. Traditional African systems of conflict resolution were destroyed and, in their places, nothing was given. We must define and design means of helping Africa out of this language, cultural logjam. Many Buddhists are vegetarians, though some include fish in their diet. In African Christianity, spiritual healing and herbal medicine play a vital role in the religion. the face of death beyond the socio-economic and cultural factors which may affect one’s conception about the phenomenon [2]. Traditional African religion is based on oral traditions, which means that the basic values and way of life are passed from elders to younger generation. Previous studies have found a number of specific factors that are certainly associated with positive attitudes to organ donation, including education level, socio-economic status and being yo… These languages have absorbed the Islamic worldview (though at some level languages suc… 1, Hutchison, 1913, p.xll. members of other indigenous religions in Africa, none of these religions actually require it.17 While religious duty is commonly cited as a justifi cation for the practice, it is important to note that FGM is a cultural, not religious, practice. Some religions do not allow women to occupy decision-making positions, with the result that Results and conclusions: The main motivating factors to high TFR were cultural and religious beliefs, like the value of children as carriers of traditions, religion, genetics and also the emphasis on Old Testament in African Christianity. Ngoma- discourses in healing in central and Southern Africa. People believe that upsetting the ancestors produces a disturbance of this order and hence disharmony and illness occur. In a national study of Mimiko asserts that: The social fabric was completely devastated and a new culture of violence was implanted. While interpreting life scientifically may result in preparing for death based on doctor’s report and other scientific evidence, those who see deat… To ascertain the nature of the contemporary relation between religion and politics in Africa, it is necessary to take int… They can include things like your education level, your exposure to violence, the way your community is designed, and if you have access to health care. Islam was the first of the exogenous religions to arrive, and it became politically significant in the 1970s. While some Africans migrated to America willingly, others came as a result of forced migration from the slave trade. London: C. Hurst and Co. Penny S. Bernard. In the film Man, God and Africa, for example, there was a traditional healer lady known as “the sangoma.” The African traditional religion or voodoo has helped us a lot especially in shaping our moral standards and giving us a sense of identity. Today, the countries of Africa contain a wide variety of religious beliefs, and statistics on religious affiliation are difficult to come by. Understanding the reasons why people do or do not donate can help inform policies to address this undersupply. Despite this, and general recognition of organ donation as a global priority, demand for organs outstrips supply in virtually every country in the world [ 1]. African American perception and beliefs about western healthcare professionals is influenced by different factors. 1 MAJOR TRENDS AFFECTING FAMILIES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA Betty Bigombe and Gilbert M. Khadiagala Introduction Widespread variations in geography, socioeconomic structures, and … Initiation was and is still important today and in the traditional African communities in boys from the passage from childhood to adulthood.The shedding of blood onto the ground binds the initiates with the God and the ancestors. Religion is often used to deny women their fundamental human rights. ... Factors affecting demand for children; In the US, baptisms are usually private and not open in a public beach. In particular, it impacts on gender relations and consequently on how women are treated in society and the home. The Arabic language has provided abstract concepts, particularly religious ones, that reveal Islamic modes of thought and expression. Religion has an extremely powerful influence over people™s lives. In 92 cases husbands played dominant role in deciding about the size of the family and denying the use of free contraceptives by women. Americans of African descent represent many different nationalities, religions, and cultural backgrounds. Christianity and Islam make up the largest religions in contemporary Africa, and some sources say that less than 15% still follow traditional African religions. The reluctance by men, both young and old, to use condoms is one of the primary catalysts of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Omono, 2012). People were afraid to cheat on other people. 1995. Most of the remainder practice traditional religions. Ancestral spirit constitutes part of the ordered structure of the African religion. Africa is marked by a high degree of political and religious heterogeneity, making a study of politics and religion in the region complex but rewarding. This places young women at a disadvantage in demanding the use of condoms. Over the past 25 years, Africa has been the prime victim of a small, but highly intelligent virus, which has infected and killed millions of people, and significantly hampered the growth and development of a land with abundant potential. African Traditional Religion is very pragmatic and apply to the need as it arises. It has supplied This remains elusive in low and middle-income countries as the majority of factors that drive maternal deaths stem from the socio-cultural environment especially in rural settings. African American culture is rich in tradition and American history. The training systems of Africans such as the traditional schools did exist, but most 1 THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN AFRICAN CONFLICTS: THE CASES OF NIGERIA AND SUDAN CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Religion is a controversial issue in world affairs. Implementing Agenda 21 Religion and Conservation in Ghana by Mike Anane. 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